On Sunday, 28 March 1819 the 19th-century civil engineer Joseph Bazalgette was born in Hill Lodge, Clay Hill, Enfield, the son of retired Royal Navy captain Joseph William Bazalgette. He began his career working on railway projects, and in doing so gaining experience in land drainage and reclamation works. Bazalgette was appointed assistant surveyor to London’s Metropolitan Commission of Sewers in 1849, taking over as Engineer in 1852. Bazalgette was appointed chief engineer of the Commission’s successor, the Metropolitan Board of Works, in 1856 (a post which he retained until the MBW was abolished and replaced by the London County Council in 1889). His major achievement was the creation (in response to the Great Stink of 1858) of a sewer network for central London which was instrumental in relieving the city from cholera epidemics, while beginning to clean the River Thames.

On 15 March 1891 Bazalgette died at his home in Arthur Road, Wimbledon. A memorial dedicated to Joseph Bazalgette stands on the north side of the Victoria Embankment, an area of reclaimed land designed and constructed by Bazalgette to accommodate the many miles worth of tunnelling and pipework. He was buried at St. Mary’s Church, Wimbledon, where his tomb remains.


On this day in London history.

March.

The following is a list of events we have compiled for London’s history during the month of March.

  1. 1812 Augustus Pugin born | 1862 Death of Peter Barlow in Charlton | 2019 Jodie Chesney murdered in Harold Hill |
  2. 1939 Death of Howard Carter |
  3. 1943 Bethnal Green Tube Disaster | 1982 Queen opens Barbican Centre |
  4. 1923 Astronomer Patrick Moore born in Pinner | 1969 Kray twins found guilty of murder | 1975 Charlie Chaplin knighted at Buckingham Palace | 1989 Purley rail crash | 2001 White City BBC bombing |
  5. 1856 Covent Garden Opera House destroyed |
  6. 1900 Ada Chard Williams hanged at Newgate | 1982 Ealing vicarage attack |
  7. 1969 Victoria Line officially opens |
  8. 1945 Karl Hultén hanged at Pentonville | 1966 Catford gangland murder | 1973 Old Bailey bombing |
  9. 1950 Timothy Evans hanged at Pentonville | 2000 London Eye takes paying passengers |
  10. 1914 Mary Richardson slashes Rokeby Venus in National Gallery |
  11. 1702 The Daily Courant launched | 1876 FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1955 Death of Alexander Fleming |
  12. 1794 Third Theatre Royal Dury Lane opens | 1969 Paul McCartney weds Linda Eastman in Marylebone |
  13. 1875 FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1940 Assassination of Michael O’Dwyer | 1967 LSE student protests |
  14. 1874 FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1922 Lady White Murder | 1933 Michael Caine born in Rotherhithe |
  15. 1891 Death of Joseph Bazalgette | 1909 Selfridges opens |
  16. 1872 First FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1875 FA Cup Final replay held at Kennington |
  17. 1921 Marie Stopes opens Holloway clinic | 1968 US embassy anti-Vietnam protest | 1973 London Bridge opened |
  18. 1789 Last execution by burning | 1876 FA Cup Final replay held at Kennington | 1955 Funeral of Alexander Fleming at St. Paul’s |
  19. |
  20. 1616 Walter Raleigh released from the Tower | 1819 Burlington Arcade opened | 1917 Vera Lynn born in East Ham | 1966 World Cup Stolen | 1974 Princess Anne kidnap attempt |
  21. 1961 Driverless Tube trains demonstrated |
  22. |
  23. 1699 William Chaloner executed at Tyburn | 1861 First London trams operating | 1878 FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1888 Football League formed | 1889 Woolwich Ferry Opens | 1918 Wood Green Empire accident |
  24. 1877 FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1888 FA Cup Final held at Kennington | 1939 Woolwich Common explosions |
  25. 1908 David Lean born in Croydon |
  26. 1836 Burlington Arcade fire |
  27. a
  28. 1819 Joseph Bazalgette born in Enfield |
  29. 1849 Royal Olympic Theatre destroyed by fire | 1873 FA Cup Final held at Lillie Bridge | 1879 FA Cup Final held at Kennington |
  30. 1979 Airey Neave assassinated | 2002 Death of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother at Windsor |
  31. 1631 Death of John Donne | 1837 Death of John Constable | 1986 Greater London Council abolished | 1990 Poll Tax riot at Trafalgar Square | 1998 LDDC disbanded |

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